UNSMIL’s dialogue efforts has become the latest causality of the aftermath of ISIL’s ruthless execution of 21 Copts in Sirte, and the Egyptian regime’s retaliation air raids on reportedly ISIL assets in Derna, in northeast Libya. The deteriorating security situation in Libya over the last couple of weeks was already not conducive for the holding of the second round of political dialogue between the Tripoli-based GNC and the Tobruk House of Representatives. The latter announced on Monday February 23 that in the light of the GNC’s non-condemnation of the deadly bombing in Qubba, east of Libya, which left over 40 dead, the HoR has decided to suspend its participation in a fresh round of talks that was scheduled for this week in Morocco. Keen observers of Libyan affairs think that ISIL’s emergence in the Libyan theatre would very likely deal a major blow to UNSMIL’s efforts to revive the dialogue process. The integration of Khalifa Hafter in the political and military structures of the Tobruk-Thenni government would complicate prospects for a political compromise between the two rival bodies in Tripoli and Tobruk. Despite the fact that Cairo’s request to obtain a UN umbrella for military intervention in Libya has so far been dismissed, Algiers is growing more concerned by the multi-faceted conflict in Libya. At a joint conference meeting with British foreign secretary Philip Hammond in Algiers on Thursday February 19, Ramtane Lamamra, Algerian foreign affairs minister, reaffirmed Algiers’ opposition to any military intervention in Libya, including the lifting of ban on arms exports that is sought by Egypt and some Gulf countries.

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